Wednesday, April 25, 2012
This circuit LED reproduces the first LED sequence at this time used by FISA on behalf of Formula single racing. It may perhaps be alive used with slot car sets (such for example HO shin up AFX/Life Like/Tyco sets) or else means of communication controlled cars. IC1, a 555 timer IC, is used as a watch pulse generator. Its output is fed via NAND gates IC2a and IC2c to IC3, a 4024 binary counter. IC2b inverts the O4 output of 4024 binary counter IC3. originally, IC3 is reset and all its outputs are low, together with O4, which causes IC2b to present-day a rational climax to the pin 8 input of IC2c which after that passes pulses from the 555 timer circuit to the clock input of the 4024. IC3 then begins together with.
Following the count has reached binary 1111, the subsequently pulse sends the O4 output of IC3 high, which disables IC2c and IC3 stops with. The four used outputs of IC3 are connected to a resistor ‘ladder’ which acts to the same degree a clear-cut digital to analog convert-er (DAC). As the count increases so does the voltage produced by the side of the top of the ladder and this is connected to the inverting inputs of four comparators inside IC4 (an LM339) and to IC5, which is a 741 op amp furthermore connected while a comparator.
The categorical inputs of the comparators are connected to the taps of a voltage dividing wall, with the drumming voltages settle on using VR1, a 100kO trimpot. As IC3 counts, the rising stepped voltage from the DAC ladder switches the comparators on clothed in sequence, preliminary with IC4d and working up to IC5. in the same way as both comparator is curved on, its pair off of LEDs is lit; former LEDs 1 & 2, next LEDs 3 & 4 and so on. as soon as all five pairs of LEDs are lit, the then pulse from IC1 moves the binary count of IC3 to 10000, so the DAC voltage drops back to zilch and all LEDs are extinguished. by the same spell, with too stops, for the reason that the area of high pressure on O4 causes IC2c to check extra gate pulses. The circuit in that case remains reserve until the counter is reset by urgent pushbutton switch S1. This allows a recent sequence to initiate.
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